• Darius the Great was the third of the Great Kings of the Persian Empire
  • Lived ~550–486 BC
  • He did not inherit the throne of Persiam but came to it through political intrique
  • Succeeded by his son Xerxes


  • His main achievement was consolidation and organization of the empire his predecessors had conquered
  • Started minting gold coins, called garics
  • Divided the empire into 20 provinces
    • Each with a great deal of autonnomy
  • He allowed religious freedom and donated money towards building various temples
  • Military operations