Philip II


  • King of Macedonia
  • Lived 382–336 BC
  • He was taken hostage to Thebes for much of his youth (during the Theban hegemony)
    • He learned military arts and diplomacy at the court of Epaminondas
  • Assassinated at the wedding of his daughter


  • Afer becoming the king of Macedonia in 359 BC, he reformed the kingdom
  • Established authority over hill tribes surrounding Macedonia in 358 BC
  • Expanded Macedonian influence over Thrace
    • For example, taking the Thracian city of Amphipolis associated with its gold mines
  • For the rest of his life he continued the Macedonian Conquest of Greece